Sand Creek Massacre

  1. In 1820’s to late 1850’s settlers were moving westward passing through Colorado. During this time, there was a treaty established in 1851 (Treaty of Laramie). What did that treaty establish?


  1. In 1859 there was a rush of people entering Colorado, what fueled this rush? How did this change the relationship between Native people and settlers?


  1. As a result of the rush in 1861, a new treaty was established (Treaty of Fort Wise). Why did it come about and what resulted from it?


  1. Governor Evans issued a first proclamation to the Native communities, written in English, which stated that war was imminent and if they were to avoid being attacked the Native peoples needed to report to a particular agency which would serve as a place of safety. Shortly after this proclamation, the Governor issued a second proclamation to the settlers. What did this proclamation tell the settlers?


  1. As the attack at Sand Creek started, why were the Cheyenne and Arapaho surprised by the attack? Why did the Cheyenne and Arapaho not really fight back?



  1. Who were Captain Silas Soule and Lieutenant Joseph Cramer?


  1. What was John Chivington’s punishment for the Sand Creek massacre?


  1. How many people were killed? Who were they? How were they killed? (Describe the massacre)


  1. The ending of the film takes a sharply optimistic and hopeful note where Rocky Mountain PBS ends the film with Native people saying: “learn to keep an open mind, and learn to look at another person with a good heart and a good mind would go along way to solving problems” as well as another Native person who saying, “Only speak about people and things in a good way and only talk about the good things” and finally, “we are all human beings, we all just got a little different skin color.” Is this a sufficient response to the Sand Creek massacre (for settlers and non-Native people)? Why or why not?




  1. What is the importance of remembering/knowing about this massacre? (Both in general, but also for you personally).


  1. Extra credit: How is ending on such a message of hopefulness and we are all human, so we need to heal and move on (again produced by Rocky Mountain PBS) reinforcing colorblind racism? What frame of colorblind racism does it fall into?