ETST 100 Mid-Term Exam #2 (125 points)



This exam is due via Canvas by March 31st at 11:59pm. Late exams will not be accepted. It is your responsibility to ensure that you upload the correct document into Canvas.


Be sure to cite at least one of the assigned readings in each of your responses. In-text citations are fine (author’s last name, page number), but you may use another citation method if you prefer. As much as possible, paraphrase rather than using direct quotes from texts. If you do use quotes, be sure to cite your sources and explain the quotes.


You do not need to do any outside research to answer the questions below. All answers can be found in our in-class discussions and films, and the course texts. If you do any outside research, you are expected to formally cite your sources.





  1. Golash-Boza describes the evolution of racism as emerging through three overlapping, yet distinct phases. Name the three phases, briefly describe each of them, and then provide an example for each. (15 pts)



  1. Map out the timeline of how race was initially constructed as biological and created scientific racism, by noting key scientists/explorers and the prevailing ideas. As you map out this timeline, be sure to note how the thinking shifted over time. Your timeline should start around the 1600’s and end around the 1970’s. (15 points)




  1. What was the significance of scientists repeatedly categorizing and “scientifically proving” that white racial groups/people were superior, and people of color were inferior? How was this science used to rationalize racism? (5 points)




  1. Describe how the definition of “feebleminded” has changed over history. What role did “feeblemindedness” play in the eugenics movement? How does this history inform our current understanding of disability? (15 pts)




  1. Name and briefly describe four frames of colorblind racism, and then provide an example of each. (20 pts)




  1. Name and briefly outline the three pillars of white supremacy. And what is heteropatriarchy and how is it connected to the pillars? (15 pts)


  1. What are treaties and what effect do they have? How do they relate to tribal sovereignty? (10 pts)




  1. Erasure of Native Americans is a key element within settler colonialism. Why is erasure central to this settler colonialism? Briefly, describe one concrete way erasure was enacted in the past during the settlement of the U.S. and then describe one way that erasure is ongoing in a contemporary context. (15 pts)




  1. Where did the term redskins come from and thus why should we mascots like the Washington Redskins be banned? (5 pts)



  1. What is your relationship to ongoing settler colonialism? What is one thing you can do to address this ongoing structure of violence? (10 pts)