How much of the increase in U.S. life expectancy since the 20th century can be attributed to public health improvements?

Question 1

  1. Epidemiology involves studying infectious communicable disease, not events like injury, obesity, mental health disorders, and seat belt use.

[removed]True

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[removed]False

1.6 points  

Question 2

  1. The Framingham study was a:
[removed] a. Retrospective cohort study.
[removed] b. Case-control study.
[removed] c. Cross-sectional study.
[removed] d. Prospective cohort study.

1.7 points  

Question 3

  1. Epidemiology includes the study of: 
[removed] a. Human behavior 
[removed] b. Accidents
[removed] c. Disease
[removed] d. All of the above
[removed] e. None of the above

1.7 points  

Question 4

  1. The definition of epidemiology involves all of the following EXCEPT:
[removed] a. Identification of determinants
[removed] b. Measuring the distribution of disease
[removed] c. Individuals
[removed] d. Application 
[removed] e. The definition includes all of the above

1.7 points  

Question 5

  1. Who evaluated the Bills of Mortality?
[removed] a. William Farr
[removed] b. John Graunt
[removed] c. Hippocrates
[removed] d. George Soper

1.7 points  

Question 6

  1. Who helped to establish the germ theory of disease?
[removed] a. James Lind
[removed] b. John Snow
[removed] c. Louis Pasteur
[removed] d. Florence Nightingale

1.7 points  

Question 7

  1. Who showed that poor diet could result in scurvy?
[removed] a. James Lind
[removed] b. John Snow
[removed] c. Louis Pasteur
[removed] d. Florence Nightingale

1.7 points  

Question 8

  1. The web of causation includes host and environmental determinants.

[removed]True

[removed]False

1.6 points  

Question 9

  1. A cause of disease is an event, condition, or characteristic that preceded the disease and without which the disease would either not have occurred or would have occurred later.

[removed]True

[removed]False

1.6 points  

Question 10

  1. Which sequence below represents the chronological evolution of disease causation approaches in epidemiology (from oldest to newest)?
[removed] a. Web of causation -> Germ theory -> Body humor imbalance-> Ecosocial framework
[removed] b. Germ theory -> Body humor imbalance -> Ecosocial framework -> Web of causation
[removed] c. Body humor imbalance -> Germ theory -> Web of causation -> Ecosocial framework
[removed] d. Body humor imbalance -> Web of causation -> Ecosocial framework -> Germ theory

1.7 points  

Question 11

  1. Which of the following are essential attributes of causes (choose all that apply)?
[removed] a. Time order
[removed] b. Environmental factors
[removed] c. Association
[removed] d. Direction

1.7 points  

Question 12

  1. How much of the increase in U.S. life expectancy since the 20th century can be attributed to public health improvements?

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