Philosophy Essay

1. Philosophical Essay–You will write a two-part 6- 8-page essay using our Library Guide for PHIL101 and ourOnline Library to answer one of the following questions:Consider the following     philosophical puzzle: “If a tree falls in the forest and there’s no one     around to hear it, does it make a sound?” (1) How is this philosophical     puzzle an epistemological problem? And (2) how would John Locke answer it?Evaluate the movie, The     Matrix, in terms of the philosophical issues raised with (1) skepticism     and (2) the mind-body problem. Explain how the movie raises questions     similar to those found in Plato’s and Descartes’ philosophy. Do not give a     plot summary of the movie – focus on the philosophical issues raised in     the movie as they relate to Plato and Descartes.Socrates asks Euthyphro, “Are     morally good acts willed by God because they are morally good, or are they     morally good because they are willed by God?” (1) How does this question     relate to the Divine Command Theory of morality? (2) What are the     philosophical implications associated with each option here? Summarize the problem of evil     and critically evaluate how it is said to undermine the traditional     characteristics of God.Explain (1) the process by     which Descartes uses skepticism to refute skepticism, and (2) what first     principle does this lead him to? (3) Explain why this project was     important for Descartes to accomplish.  Part 1: At the end of week four youwill turn in (1) a clearly articulated thesis statement, and (2) a selectedlist of appropriate sources using our Library Guide for PHIL101 and ourOnline Library, as indicated below:1. Identifyat least one encyclopedia, or similar work, providing a big picture overview ofkey issues your topic needs to address.2.  Identify at least one secondarysource, an interpretive work, addressing your topic which was written bysomeone other than the philosophers identified in your topic.3.  Identify at least one primarysource, from a major philosopher identified in your topic choice. Be sure thatthe primary source selected pertains to the issues raised by your topic. 4.  Identify at least one journalarticle database, available in the APUS Online Library, where contemporaryphilosophical articles pertaining to your topic, can be located. Explain briefly how the content ofeach source will assist you with your Philosophical Essay Assignment. Provide acomplete reference in MLA style for each work, 1-3, selected.-Continue to next page for an example of what is due at week four – The following is anexample (do not copy and use) of what is due at week four:   Thesis Statement:  In this essay I evaluate the  philosophical puzzle: “If a tree falls in the forest and there’s no one  around to hear it, does it make a sound?” In my evaluation I explain that  this question raises the epistemological problem of how a subjective  experience, such as sound, relates to what can be known of reality. I  demonstrate that this question is a puzzle because it exposes the limits of  what we can claim to know based on sensory experience. Lastly, I will explain  how the empiricist, John Locke, would evaluate and answer the puzzle.      Resources:  1.   Encyclopedia or similar comprehensive works:  Kemerling, Garth. “John Locke: The Origin of  Ideas.”  Philosophy Pages. Britannica  Internet.2001. Web. 1 Mar. 2009.  http://www.philosophypages.com/hy/4l.htm  This source is a quick introduction to Locke and  his philosophical perspective and introduces the main themes in his work, An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.  It will also help me understand the more complicated aspects of Locke’s  epistemology that I’ll be reading to write my essay.    Uzgalis, William. “John Locke: The Limits of Human  Understanding.” Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 2007. Web. 1 Mar. 2009.   http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/locke/#LimHumUnd/  This source presents a much more detailed analysis  of Locke’s epistemology from his work, An  Essay Concerning Human Understanding.       2.   Secondary sources:  E.J. Lowe. Routledge Philosophy Guide Book on  Locke: On Human Understanding. New  York, NY : Routledge, 1995. NetLibrary. 2002. 1 Mar. 2009  http://www.netlibrary.com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/urlapi.asp?action=summary&v=1&bookid=73470  This source provides me with a comprehensive  discussion of John Locke, the person, and the arguments he puts forth in An Essay Concerning Human Understanding.  It will also help me understand the book as it relates to historical events  and ideas. Additionally, it identifies arguments from the work’s supporters  and critics.       3.   Primary sources:  Locke, John.   An Essay Concerning Human  Understanding. Kitchener, Ont.: Batoche, 2001. Ebrary. 2005. 4 Oct. 2010.  http://site.ebrary.com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/lib/apus/Doc?id=2001993  This is Locke’s own writing which allows me to  read how Lock perceived the problem of knowledge, experience and sensation in  his own words.      4.   Journal article database:  EBSCO’s Academic Search Elite  This is a searchable database of scholarly  articles from many academic disciplines, including philosophy. I can use it  to find contemporary scholarly articles pertaining to epistemology, perception,  and Locke.  It also contains the full  text of many of the articles.

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