‘The Arts and Royalty; Philosophers Debate Politics’ Please respond to one (1) of the following, using sources under the Explore heading as the basis of your response: CHOICE ONE — ART AND ROYALTY In this week’s readings, a dispute in the French royal court is described about whether Poussin or Rubens was the better painter. Take a painting by each, either from our book or a Website below, and compare them and explain which you prefer. There is another conflict between the playwright Moliere and a well-born Parisian; Louis XIV stepped in. Explain how Louis XIV used the various arts and his motives for doing so.
Identify one (1) example of a modern political leader approaching the arts this way. What do you think the relationship of art to government should be? Do these examples differ from what you think, if so, why? How does social class influence art? What do think? RESOURCES FOR CHOICE ONE: The Arts and Royalty Chapter 23 (pp. 730-741); Rubens; Poussin; Moliere; royalty using the arts Rubens and Poussin at http://www.visitmuseums.com/exhibition/from-baroque-to-classicism-rubens-poussin-and-17th-85 and http://www.wga.hu/frames-e.html?/bio/p/poussin/biograph.html CHOICE TWO — PHILOSOPHERS DEBATE POLITICS The philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke disagreed on the understanding of political authority, with Locke taking what is commonly called the “liberal” view. Choose a side (be brave perhaps; take a side you actually disagree with). Using the writings of each given in our class text or at the Websites below, make your case for the side you chose.
Identify one (1) modern situation in the world where these issues are significant. Hobbes, Locke, and Rousseau all were social contract theorists — they articulated their ideas on what humanity’s relationship to nature and government should and could be and what rights people had in relation to the rules that governed them. These ideas also become stepping-stones for the Romantics and Revolutionaries in years to come. Read them over, how do you think the ideas that these philosophers expressed might have sparked the revolutions that changed our world? Is humanity good to start off and then corrupted by society or is it the other way around? RESOURCES FOR CHOICE TWO: Philosophers Debate Politics This chart includes Rousseau: http://www.1215.org/lawnotes/work-in-progress/hlrcomparison/hlrcomparisongrid.htm. (I enjoy Rousseau’s writing and we will look at him a little next week) Chapter 24 (pp. 768-9) Hobbes: text at http://oregonstate.edu/instruct/phl302/texts/hobbes/leviathan-contents.html; summary at http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/hobbes-moral/ Locke: text at http://www.thenagain.info/Classes/Sources/Locke-2ndTreatise.html; General background of the concept at http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/teachers/lesson_plans/pdfs/unit1_12.pdf COMPARISONS:http://www.iun.edu/~hisdcl/h114_2002/Locke%20and%20Hobbes.htm; http://jim.com/hobbes.htm