CJ 401 Week 4 TEST

QUESTION 1 1.    Which of the following is considered the father of modern policing? Robert Peel August Vollmer Robert Palmer William Parker     QUESTION 2 1.    The 1972 police research experiment that tested the effect of different levels of patrols and challenged the basic assumptions about the effect of patrol on crime was known as the: Michigan Foot Patrol Study Wickersham Commission Experiment Community Policing Experiment Kansas City Preventive Patrol Study   QUESTION 3 1.    Giving officers permanent assignments so they can get to know the citizens within their area is part of the ____________ dimension. philosophical strategic relative progressive     QUESTION 4 1.    Cordner’s four dimensions of community policing include all of the following except: tactical organizational standardization strategic QUESTION 5 1.    All of these are essential elements of community policing except: partnerships problem solving organizational change All are elements of community policing     QUESTION 6 1.    Whereas traditional policing has been reactive, responding to calls for service, community policing is ____________, anticipating problems and seeking solutions to them.       QUESTION 7 1.    The police image is affected by: individual officer backgrounds the media officers’ personal experiences all of the above     QUESTION 8 1.    According to the text, the public expects the police to: enforce the law against others give breaks only to their own family and friends help them when they have a problem all of the above     QUESTION 9 1.    The lowest-ranking and newest patrol officers typically have: no discretion the least amount of discretion the greatest amount of discretion the same amount of discretion as civilian personnel   QUESTION 8 1.    According to the text, the public expects the police to: enforce the law against others give breaks only to their own family and friends help them when they have a problem all of the above     QUESTION 9 1.    The lowest-ranking and newest patrol officers typically have: no discretion the least amount of discretion the greatest amount of discretion the same amount of discretion as civilian personnel     QUESTION 10 1.    The informal values, beliefs, and expectations of officers are known collectively as _______________.     QUESTION 11 1.    The broken windows phenomenon signifies: that people don’t care about the neighborhood. an impending crime wave. an ineffective police force. all of the above     QUESTION 12 1.    A sense of community can be undermined by: increased violent crime. clashes between community groups. severe social disorganization. all of the above     QUESTION 13 1.    The “_________________” is the point at which an ordinary, stable phenomenon can turn into a crisis.       QUESTION 14 1.    Using the SARA model, the final step in problem solving is: assessment analysis arbitration assistance     QUESTION 15 1.    According to the text, the transition to community policing is made easier by: officers who accept orders unquestioningly. recognition of the importance of intrinsic rewards. the need to provide fewer services with more resources. all of the above                 QUESTION 16 1.    ________________ assumes that all people within a specific group are the same; they lack individuality. Racism Cultural diversity Stereotyping Racial profiling     QUESTION 17 1.    According to the text, police and the media share a common goal of: serving the public enforcing the law protecting information being transparent     QUESTION 18 1.    One component of crime prevention through environmental design is: clean sewers street lighting clearly marked parking spaces property identification   QUESTION 19 1.    Some of the unintended consequences of video surveillance are: displacement increased suspicion increased reported crime all of the above       QUESTION 20 1.    Eck suggests that _______________ blocking changes to make crime more difficult, riskier, less rewarding or less excusable is one of the oldest forms of crime prevention. place opportunity diffusion contagion

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