Need answers for Philosophy Unit Exam 1

Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)1. Logic is the study of reason and arguments.A. TrueB. False2. Philosophy studies life’s most basic questions.A. TrueB. False3. Philosophical questions are primarily subjective in nature.A. TrueB. False4. The value of studying philosophy is that it develops your analytical abilities and your capacity for abstract thought.A. TrueB. False 5. The word philosophy derives from two ancient Greek words: philia, which means love, and sophia, which means wisdom.A. TrueB. False6. Philosophical questions are conceptual in nature; __________ deal in probability and plausibility rather than absolute truth and falsehood.A. Philosophical uncertaintiesB. Philosophical answersC. Philosophical doubtsD. Philosophical statements7. A major philosophical concept, ________________, deals with basic human character- istics and similar traits in other beings like chimpanzees and dolphins.A. PersonhoodB. SelfhoodC. Self-beingD. Primitive selfUnit 1 Examination45Introduction to Philosophy8. A(n) ________ fallacy involves an argument’s subject matter.A. FormalB. InformalC. TruthD. False9. The two parts of an argument are _____.A. Premises and conclusionB. Fact and conclusionC. Premises and falsehoodsD. Facts and truths10. Another word for the facts, evidence, theories, or ideas that allegedly lead to an argu- ment’s claim is _____.A. PremisesB. ConclusionsC. Formal fallacyD. Informal fallacy11. If it’s sunny, Jennifer goes surfi ng. Jennifer went surfi ng today. Therefore, it must have been sunny. This is an excellent illustration of affi rming the consequent, a for- mal fallacy.A. True B. False12. “A square has four sides” is a necessary and suffi cient condition for defi ning a square.A. TrueB. False13. The potions riddle in Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone is an excellent example of logical thinking.A. TrueB. FalseUnit 1 Examination46Introduction to Philosophy14. If someone is a student at Hogwart’s, then he or she is studying witchcraft and wiz- ardry. Neville Longbottom is a student at Hogwart’s. Therefore, Neville Longbottom is studying witchcraft and wizardry. This is an excellent example of Modus Ponens, or the Asserting Rule.A. TrueB. False 15. Analytical thinking is the philosophical application of psychoanalysis.A. TrueB. False16. Crossing the fi nish line fi rst in a race in which you competed fairly and without cheat- ing is a necessary and suffi cient condition for you to be the winner.A. TrueB. False17. The idea that there is one special person somewhere in the world that is your destiny to meet and fall in love with is an example of ______.A. FatalismB. DeterminismC. Free willD. Pragmatism18. A theory that claims that all human behavior is the result of scientifi cally identifi able natural forces is an example of _____.A. FatalismB. DeterminismC. Free willD. Pragmatism19. B.F. Skinner believes that human freedom is impossible.A. TrueB. FalseUnit 1 Examination47Introduction to Philosophy20. Freudianism claims that the human personality has neither conscious nor uncon- scious dimensions.A. TrueB. False21. A “Freudian slip” is an example of how the unconscious can determine what we say.A. TrueB. False22. Sartre accepts the idea that _______________, that is, the theory that our choices determine our nature. A. Existence precedes essenceB. Essence precedes existenceC. Free willD. Determinism23. The theory of free will implies about responsibility that because our actions result from our own choices, we are fully responsible for them.A. TrueB. False24. Aristotle agrees with the following statement: The more we understand people, the  more we know how little responsibility they have for their actions.A. TrueB. False25. According to Ellis, irrational beliefs prove that determinism is correct.A. TrueB. False

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