Health Care Ethics:
Final Exam Part 2
Instructions: Type answers to only four of the following seven questions using complete sentences. You must offer answers in your own words: quoting or paraphrasing from the lecture notes is not sufficient. Answers should be about 6 – 8 sentences each (13 pts. each, 52 pts. total).
1) Explain Thomson’s Violinist case. What is the case supposed to be analogous to? How does Thomson use the violinist case to support her position?
2) What is Lee and George’s view on parents’ special relationship to their child? How does it differ from Thomson’s view? What reasons do Lee and George give to support their view?
3) What is the “forms of variation” position on disabilities? How might the forms of variation position lead someone to accept the “disability perspective on abortion”?
4) What is the standard compromise solution for dealing with conscientious objection in cases of abortion or emergency contraception? How is this compromise related to the bioethical principle of justice? Offer one reason why someone (from either side of this debate) might find this compromise solution to be unacceptable.
5) Why does Englehardt reject the idea that there is a positive right to health care? Explain how the idea of the natural and social lotteries are related to his argument.
6) Menzel introduces the principle of “Rescue.” What is this principle? Why does Menzel think that accepting Rescue while keeping health insurance optional can lead to unfair free-riding?
7) Why might some be concerned that genetic enhancement might lead to unfair outcomes? Why, according to Sandel, is fairness not the most fundamental concern with the pursuit of genetic enhancement? What does Sandel think is the most fundamental concern?